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Michael STAVY, Renewable Energy Technology and Economics
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Michael STAVY'S Background, CV (Résumé)
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Michael STAVY'S Contact Information
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The Beighley-Stavy House

The Beighley-Stavy Home in Georgetown, CO
When in Chicago, ride the CTA

Innovations in Energy Efficient City Transit
Yes We Can!

The 2015 Paris Climate Accord
Honorary Member, Class of '62, Niles TWP HS

Michael STAVY's "Official" Office Song
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Michael's Picture Gallery-1
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Michael's Picture Gallery-2
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Inside Marina City

SPECIALIZATIONS

Lets Shop!

Buying Electricity and Natural Gas in Illinois' Competitive Energy Market
I help Propery Owners Develop their Wind Assets

Developing Wind Farms
Yes, We Can!

Consulting on the Finances of Climate Change Mitigation, the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, Carbon Trading and the Carbon Tax
Heat energy not electricity

Developing Solar Thermal Projects
electricity

Developing PV Projects
Fuel Cell Vehicle

The Finances of Hybrid, Electric, Natural Gas, Hydrogen and Alternative Fuel Vehicles

ABSTRACTS FOR ALL PUBLISHED PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

31 Papers/Presentations and Counting

Abstracts of Michael STAVY'S Published Papers and Presentations
see my co-authors

My August 2002 JSEE Paper is Specifically Cited in 11 Papers

PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS

My Papers on Climate Change

Michael's GHG Emissions Papers Will Help You Understand Climate Change and the Paris Climate Agreement
Nice Seeing you at SPI13

PAPER at Solar Power International 2013, 21-24 October, Chicago
Warsaw, Poland

Paper at the 2010 European Wind Energy Conference, 20-23 April, Warsaw Poland
Nice meeting with you in Marseille

PRESENTATION at the EWEC 2009 Marseille, France 16 - 19 March 2009
Download my Carbon Cap Presentation

Paper at the 2009 Michigan Wind Conference 3-4 March 2009, Cobo Hall, Detroit, MI
See you in Chicago

WINDPOWER 2009, May 4-7, Chicago, IL USA


Press for the CHICAGO EDITION of my 2009 EWEC Paper
día bueno

PRESENTATION at the 2008 Latin American Wind Energy Conference, November 5-7, Guadalajara, MX
CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2

PRESENTATION at WINDPOWER 2008, June 1-4, Houston, TX
CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2

PRESENTATION at the 2008 European Wind Energy Conference, 31 March-3 April, Brussels. Belgium
Nice seeing you in LA

PAPER, "The Economics of Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen" at WindPower 2007 June 3-6 Los Angeles, CA USA
Kellogg Graduate School of Management Class of 1969

QUOTED in the Northwestern Alumni Magazine, Winter, 2007
Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen

PAPER "The Technology of Storing Wind Electrcity as Hydrogen" at the European Wind Energy Conference, 7-10 May, 2007, Milan, Italy
Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen

PAPER at the POWER GEN Renewable Energy and Fuels Conference, March 6-8, 2007, Las Vegas, NV
Spoke to Reporters

PRESENTATION "Reporting the Wind Story" At the Seminar "Reporting Energy Issues in the Midwest", Sponsored by the Foundation for American Communications, Urbana, IL September 14, 2006
Spark, November 2005

Letter to the Editor of SPARK, November, 2005
Clear Creek Public Radio

"US Energy Sources and Uses" October 29, 2005 Interview on KYGT, Clear Creek County, CO Public Radio
Illinois’ Voluntary Renewable Portfolio Standard

MY 2005 COMMENTS to Illinois Commerce Commision Concerning lllinois' Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore

MY ANSWERS to Certain Questions Concerning Illinois' 2005 RPS (Renewable Portfolio Standard)
Yak Yak Yak

My 4 October 2005 Speech to the Sierra Club, Chicago Group, North Shore Program
Quoted Comments

COMMENTS Quoted in Newspapers or Magazines
Chicago Skyline

PUBLISHED "January 3, 2005 Letter to the Editor" in Crain's Chicago Business
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering

PAPER "Carbon Content of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel" in the February, 2005 Journal of Solar Energy Engineering
The Cost of Wind Electricity

PAPER "Worksheet to Compute the Cost Wind Electricity", World Renewable Energy Conference-VIII, Denver, CO USA, August 29-September 3, 2004
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER California Climate Change Center's First Annual Conference on Climate Change, June 9-10, 2004, Sacramento, CA
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER, National Hydrogen Association 20O4 Convention, April 26-30, 2004, Los Angeles, CA
Paper on Kyoto Protocol

PAPER-Global WINDPOWER 2004 Conference, Chicago, IL USA, 28-31 March 2004
Levelized Cost and Carbon Content of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel

PAPER-United States Association for Energy Economics-NCAC-Washington, DC, Friday, December 19, 2003
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER-Illinois Economics Association's 33rd Annual Meeting, October 17-18, 2003, Chicago, IL
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER-American Solar Energy Society's SOLAR 2003 Conference, June 21-23, 2003, Austin,TX
Yak Yak Yak

PAPER-International Solar Energy Society-SOLAR WORLD CONFERENCE 2003-14-19 June 2003,Goteborg, Sweden
Pure Hydrogen Flame

PAPER-European Wind Energy Association-2003 EUROPEAN WIND ENERGY CONFERENCE 16-20 June 2003-Madrid,Spain
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering

PAPER "Worksheet to compute the Levelized Cost of PV electricity", Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, August 2002
From Paris on Route N-7

PAPER 2002 Global WindPower Conference


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  PAPER, National Hydrogen Association 20O4 Convention, April 26-30, 2004, Los Angeles, CA

Michael STAVY  
Renewable Energy Technolgy and Finance  
312-321-1733  
300 N STATE ST APT 4434  
Chicago, Illinois USA 60654  

michael@michaelstavy.com  




    

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I presented my paper,  The Carbon Content of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel, at the recent National Hydrogen Association Conference. The carbon content of gasoline combustion was incorrectly stated at the NHA Conference. It is correctly stated below. The carbon content of natural gas was not presented at the Conference.  It is presented below.

The carbon content of hydrogen vehicle fuel (HVF) produced at a wind electric powered hydrogen electrolyzer (HE) is zero. The carbon content of HVF produced at an electric powered 80% efficient HE using the average carbon content of electricity on the US grid is 27,815 gm-CO2/gal-H2. Using electricity from a combined cycle gas turbine an electric powered 80% efficient HE would produce HVF with a carbon content of 16,907 gm-CO2/gal-H2 . Using electricity from a conventional coal plant, an electric powered 80% efficient HE would produce HVF with a carbon content of 45,268 gm-CO2/gal-H2.  Upstream carbon in the grid/coal/NG electricity is not included. Upstream carbon would increase the carbon content of the HE's HVF.

The carbon content of HVF from steam methane reformation (SMR) of natural gas has a carbon content of 8,492 gm-CO2/gal-H2. This assumes that the SMR has 75% efficiency in the conversion of the NG energy into energy in the H2. The carbon content of the electricity used to power the SMR is not included in the 75% efficiency. The carbon content of NG is 51,338 gm-CO2/mmBtu-NG. Source: Table: Carbon Content of Various Fuels, Page 333, US Congress, Office of Technological Assessment, Changing by Degrees: Steps to Reduce Greenhouse Gases, OTA-0-482 (Washington, DC U.S. Government Printing Office, February 1991).  I converted the Table’s value for 14 mg-C/Btu-NG into 51,338 gm-CO2/mmBtu-NG. Upstream carbon in the NG is not included. Upstream carbon would increase the carbon content of the SMR's HVF.

For comparison, the combustion of a gasoline has 9,099 gm-CO2/gal-gasoline. Source: I converted the OTA-0-482 Table’s value of 20 mg-C/Btu-gasoline into  9,099 gm-CO2/gal-gasoline.  I also computed a second value for gasoline; 9,455  gm-CO2/gal-gasoline using the HHV for gasoline. Source: M. Wang, GREET 1.5 -- Transportation Fuel-Cycle Model, Volume 1: Methodologies, Development, Use, and Results, Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory, ANL/ESD-39, Vol.1, Aug. 1999 and M. Wang, GREET 1.5 -- Transportation Fuel-Cycle Model, Volume 2: Appendices of Data and Results, Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory, ANL/ESD-39, Vol.2, Aug. 1999. I converted M. Wang's Tailpipe 75,640.0 g-CO2/mmBtu and HHV of 125,000 Btu/gal-gasoline values into gm-CO2/gal-gasoline.  Both values are tailpipe values and do not include upstream carbon. Upstream carbon would increase the carbon content of the gasoline.


 4 June 2004

Revised: 6 June 2004


Black ink illustration of wind turbines located along I-10, San Gorgonio Pass, San Bernadino Mountains, Palm Springs, CA. The carbon content of hydrogen vehicle fuel (HVF) produced at a wind electric powered electrolyzer is zero.

Used with permission of the artist: Christine BOIRY 


4 June 2004

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Michael STAVY, Renewable Energy Technology and Finance







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