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Michael STAVY, Renewable Energy Technology and Finance©
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When in Chicago, ride the CTA

Innovations in Energy Efficient City Transit
Yes We Can!

The 2015 Paris Climate Accord
Honorary Member, Class of '62, Niles TWP HS

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Electricity and Natural Gas Procurement
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Energy Storage Technology and Finance
I help Propery Owners Develop their Wind Assets

Wind Power
Yes, We Can!

The 2015 Paris Climate Accord, Carbon Trading, the Carbon Tax
Heat energy not electricity

Solar Thermal
electricity

Photovoltaics (PV)
Fuel Cell Vehicle

Hybrid, Electric, Natural Gas, Hydrogen and Alternative Fuel Vehicles

ABSTRACTS FOR ALL PUBLISHED PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

31 Papers and Counting

Abstracts of Michael STAVY'S Published Papers and Presentations
see my co-authors

My August 2002 JSEE Paper is Specifically Cited in 11 Papers

PAPERS AND PRESENTATIONS

My Papers on Climate Change

Michael's GHG Emissions Papers Will Help You Understand Climate Change and the Paris Climate Agreement
C U in Vegas

PAPER at Solar Power International 2017, 10-13 September, Las Vegas
Nice Seeing you at SPI13

PAPER at Solar Power International 2013, 21-24 October, Chicago
Warsaw, Poland

Paper at the 2010 European Wind Energy Conference, 20-23 April, Warsaw Poland
Nice meeting with you in Marseille

PRESENTATION at the EWEC 2009 Marseille, France 16 - 19 March 2009
Download my Carbon Cap Presentation

Paper at the 2009 Michigan Wind Conference 3-4 March 2009, Cobo Hall, Detroit, MI
See you in Chicago

WINDPOWER 2009, May 4-7, Chicago, IL USA


Press for the CHICAGO EDITION of my 2009 EWEC Paper
día bueno

PRESENTATION at the 2008 Latin American Wind Energy Conference, November 5-7, Guadalajara, MX
CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2

PRESENTATION at WINDPOWER 2008, June 1-4, Houston, TX
CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2

PRESENTATION at the 2008 European Wind Energy Conference, 31 March-3 April, Brussels. Belgium
Nice seeing you in LA

PAPER, "The Economics of Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen" at WindPower 2007 June 3-6 Los Angeles, CA USA
Kellogg Graduate School of Management Class of 1969

QUOTED in the Northwestern Alumni Magazine, Winter, 2007
Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen

PAPER "The Technology of Storing Wind Electrcity as Hydrogen" at the European Wind Energy Conference, 7-10 May, 2007, Milan, Italy
Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen

PAPER at the POWER GEN Renewable Energy and Fuels Conference, March 6-8, 2007, Las Vegas, NV
Spoke to Reporters

PRESENTATION "Reporting the Wind Story" At the Seminar "Reporting Energy Issues in the Midwest", Sponsored by the Foundation for American Communications, Urbana, IL September 14, 2006
Spark, November 2005

Letter to the Editor of SPARK, November, 2005
Clear Creek Public Radio

"US Energy Sources and Uses" October 29, 2005 Interview on KYGT, Clear Creek County, CO Public Radio
Illinois’ Voluntary Renewable Portfolio Standard

MY 2005 COMMENTS to Illinois Commerce Commision Concerning lllinois' Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore

MY ANSWERS to Certain Questions Concerning Illinois' 2005 RPS (Renewable Portfolio Standard)
Yak Yak Yak

My 4 October 2005 Speech to the Sierra Club, Chicago Group, North Shore Program
Quoted Comments

COMMENTS Quoted in Newspapers or Magazines
Chicago Skyline

PUBLISHED "January 3, 2005 Letter to the Editor" in Crain's Chicago Business
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering

PAPER "Carbon Content of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel" in the February, 2005 Journal of Solar Energy Engineering
The Cost of Wind Electricity

PAPER "Worksheet to Compute the Cost Wind Electricity", World Renewable Energy Conference-VIII, Denver, CO USA, August 29-September 3, 2004
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER California Climate Change Center's First Annual Conference on Climate Change, June 9-10, 2004, Sacramento, CA
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER, National Hydrogen Association 20O4 Convention, April 26-30, 2004, Los Angeles, CA
Paper on Kyoto Protocol

PAPER-Global WINDPOWER 2004 Conference, Chicago, IL USA, 28-31 March 2004
Levelized Cost and Carbon Content of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel

PAPER-United States Association for Energy Economics-NCAC-Washington, DC, Friday, December 19, 2003
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER-Illinois Economics Association's 33rd Annual Meeting, October 17-18, 2003, Chicago, IL
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER-American Solar Energy Society's SOLAR 2003 Conference, June 21-23, 2003, Austin,TX
Yak Yak Yak

PAPER-International Solar Energy Society-SOLAR WORLD CONFERENCE 2003-14-19 June 2003,Goteborg, Sweden
Pure Hydrogen Flame

PAPER-European Wind Energy Association-2003 EUROPEAN WIND ENERGY CONFERENCE 16-20 June 2003-Madrid,Spain
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering

PAPER "Worksheet to compute the Levelized Cost of PV electricity", Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, August 2002
From Paris on Route N-7

PAPER 2002 Global WindPower Conference


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  PAPER California Climate Change Center's First Annual Conference on Climate Change, June 9-10, 2004, Sacramento, CA

Michael STAVY  
Renewable Energy Technolgy and Finance©  
312-321-1733  
300 N STATE ST APT 4434  
Chicago, Illinois USA 60654  

michael@michaelstavy.com  




  CA.Climate.logo.jpg

THE CARBON CONTENT OF HYDROGEN VEHICLE FUEL

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the major green house gas that is causing global warming. The US fleet of gasoline fueled auto vehicles (GV) has increased the atmospheric concentration of CO2. A proposed US fleet of hydrogen fueled vehicles (fuel cell, ICE, etc) (HV) does not emit any significant CO2 as it operates.

H2 does not occur in nature and must be produced. Current US industrial H2 production technologies (reformation of natural gas, coal and oil gasification) are all hydrocarbon based and all emit CO2 as a by-product of the H2 production. H2 production at an electric (renewable, carbon content grid or nuclear electricity) powered hydrogen electrolyzer (HE) does not emit any CO2 as a by-product of the H2 production.

Any carbon emitted in the production of H2 must be attributed to the proposed hydrogen vehicle fleet. A HV fleet that uses hydrocarbon based H2 does not operate carbon free when the CO2 emissions from the H2 production are included in the computation of the HV fleet’s CO2 emissions.

H2, produced as an industrial gas, has traditionally been measured by mass: lb (SI; kg) or volume: standard cubic foot (SCF) (nominal cubic meter [Nm3]). H2, produced as H2 vehicle fuel (HVF), should be measured in the standard units of measurement for gasoline: gal-H2; L-H2. These are equivalent units of energy, not volume.

The benchmark carbon values for GVF and HVF are required to compute the CO2 emissions from the GV and HV fleets. The paper presents a set of benchmark CO2 emission values for HE production and for steam methane reformation (SMR), the major industrial hydrocarbon based H2 production technology. A benchmark value for the carbon content of gasoline vehicle fuel (GVF) is also presented. The benchmark carbon values for gasoline and H2 are complied from published sources. The availability and variability of published H2 carbon content values are noted.

The fuel efficiencies of the GV fleet and the HV fleets are also required. Vehicle fuel efficiency is measured in mpg; (L/100km). The availability and variability of published fuel efficiency values for the GV and the HV fleets are noted.

The carbon emissions from the GV and HV fleets are measured in gm-CO2/mi; gm-CO2/100km. The GV and HV fleet CO2 emission values are computed presented and compared.

The paper presents the worksheet, A Comparison of the CO2 Emissions (gm-CO2/mi; gm-CO2/L-H2) for a GV and HV Fleet using GVF and HVF from Different Hydrogen Production Technologies. A paper will be provided.


             Fuel Cell Vehicle

This paper was a work in progress. A revised copy of this paper has been accepted by the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering.  Use the link below.

PAPER to be Published by the Journal of Solar Energy Engineering

Below is the link to the location of where my poster presentation was at the meeting.


18 June 2004 










Michael STAVY, Renewable Energy Technology and Finance©







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