Sun Rising Over Aztec Pyramid



Michael STAVY, Renewable Energy Technology and Economics
Solar Dish with Stirling Engine

Michael STAVY'S Background, CV (Résumé) and Abstract List
Call for an Appointment

Michael STAVY'S Contact Information
The Beighley-Stavy House

The Beighley-Stavy Home in Georgetown, CO
When in Chicago, ride the CTA

Innovations in Energy Efficient City Transit
Yes We Can!

The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement
Honorary Member, Class of '62, Niles TWP HS

Michael STAVY's "Official" Office Song
Click; Click; Click

Michael's Picture Gallery-1
More Photos

Michael's Picture Gallery-2
Chicago, IL

Inside Marina City


I can get you a deal

Buying Electricity and Natural Gas in Illinois' Competitive Energy Market
Call to set up an Appointment

Buying Electricity and Natural Gas in Massachusetts' Competitive Energy Market
I help Propery Owners Develop their Wind Assets

Developing Large (> 1 MW) Wind Projects
Yes, We Can!

Consulting on Climate Change Mitigation, the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, Carbon Trading and the Carbon Tax
Heat energy not electricity

Developing Solar Thermal Projects

Developing PV (Photovoltaic) Projects
Fuel Cell Vehicle

Purchasing Hybrid, Electric, Natural Gas, Hydrogen and Alternative Fuel Vehicles
generate electricity and heat

Developing Microturbine & Distributed Generation Projects


31 Papers/Presentations and Counting

Abstracts of Michael STAVY'S Published Papers and Presentations
see my co-authors

My August 2002 JSEE Paper is Cited in Eight Papers


My Papers on Climate Change

Michael's GHG Emissions Papers Will Help You Understand Climate Change and the Paris Climate Agreement
Nice Seeing you at SPI13

PAPER at Solar Power International 2013, 21-24 October, Chicago
Warsaw, Poland

Paper at the 2010 European Wind Energy Conference, 20-23 April, Warsaw Poland
Nice meeting with you in Marseille

PRESENTATION at the EWEC 2009 Marseille, France 16 - 19 March 2009
Download my Carbon Cap Presentation

Paper at the 2009 Michigan Wind Conference 3-4 March 2009, Cobo Hall, Detroit, MI
See you in Chicago

WINDPOWER 2009, May 4-7, Chicago, IL USA

Press for the CHICAGO EDITION of my 2009 EWEC Paper
día bueno

PRESENTATION at the 2008 Latin American Wind Energy Conference, November 5-7, Guadalajara, MX

PRESENTATION at WINDPOWER 2008, June 1-4, Houston, TX

PRESENTATION at the 2008 European Wind Energy Conference, 31 March-3 April, Brussels. Belgium
Nice seeing you in LA

PAPER, "The Economics of Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen" at WindPower 2007 June 3-6 Los Angeles, CA USA
Kellogg Graduate School of Management Class of 1969

QUOTED in the Northwestern Alumni Magazine, Winter, 2007
Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen

PAPER "The Technology of Storing Wind Electrcity as Hydrogen" at the European Wind Energy Conference, 7-10 May, 2007, Milan, Italy
Storing Wind Electricity as Hydrogen

PAPER at the POWER GEN Renewable Energy and Fuels Conference, March 6-8, 2007, Las Vegas, NV
Spoke to Reporters

PRESENTATION "Reporting the Wind Story" At the Seminar "Reporting Energy Issues in the Midwest", Sponsored by the Foundation for American Communications, Urbana, IL September 14, 2006
Spark, November 2005

Letter to the Editor of SPARK, November, 2005
Clear Creek Public Radio

"US Energy Sources and Uses" October 29, 2005 Interview on KYGT, Clear Creek County, CO Public Radio
Illinois’ Voluntary Renewable Portfolio Standard

MY 2005 COMMENTS to Illinois Commerce Commision Concerning lllinois' Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore

MY ANSWERS to Certain Questions Concerning Illinois' 2005 RPS (Renewable Portfolio Standard)
Yak Yak Yak

My 4 October 2005 Speech to the Sierra Club, Chicago Group, North Shore Program
Quoted Comments

COMMENTS Quoted in Newspapers or Magazines
Chicago Skyline

PUBLISHED "January 3, 2005 Letter to the Editor" in Crain's Chicago Business
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering

PAPER "Carbon Content of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel" in the February, 2005 Journal of Solar Energy Engineering
The Cost of Wind Electricity

PAPER "Worksheet to Compute the Cost Wind Electricity", World Renewable Energy Conference-VIII, Denver, CO USA, August 29-September 3, 2004
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER California Climate Change Center's First Annual Conference on Climate Change, June 9-10, 2004, Sacramento, CA
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER, National Hydrogen Association 20O4 Convention, April 26-30, 2004, Los Angeles, CA
Paper on Kyoto Protocol

PAPER-Global WINDPOWER 2004 Conference, Chicago, IL USA, 28-31 March 2004
Levelized Cost and Carbon Content of Hydrogen Vehicle Fuel

PAPER-United States Association for Energy Economics-NCAC-Washington, DC, Friday, December 19, 2003
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER-Illinois Economics Association's 33rd Annual Meeting, October 17-18, 2003, Chicago, IL
Fuel Cell Vehicle

PAPER-American Solar Energy Society's SOLAR 2003 Conference, June 21-23, 2003, Austin,TX
Yak Yak Yak

PAPER-International Solar Energy Society-SOLAR WORLD CONFERENCE 2003-14-19 June 2003,Goteborg, Sweden
Pure Hydrogen Flame

PAPER-European Wind Energy Association-2003 EUROPEAN WIND ENERGY CONFERENCE 16-20 June 2003-Madrid,Spain
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering

PAPER "Worksheet to compute the Levelized Cost of PV electricity" in the August, 2002 Journal of Solar Energy Engineering
From Paris on Route N-7

PAPER 2002 Global WindPower Conference


  Michael STAVY, Renewable Energy Technology and Economics

Michael STAVY  
Energy Economist  
300 N STATE ST APT 4434  
Chicago, Illinois USA 60654  

Trees Along Route N-7 in Provence
A First Generation Modern 5 MW European Wind Plant


Burning fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, oil) supplies most of the energy in the industrial economies. The use of this chemical energy in economic production is one of the key characteristics of the industrial nations. The use of non-human and non-animal energy is so important to industrial societies that energy, itself, is now an additional factor of production. This was not explicitly observed in the pre-industrial era. Energy must now be added as a fourth factor to the three classical factors of economic production; land, labor and capital. Because energy is a factor of production in industrial society, its production and use is complicated.

Source: Stavy, Michael, The Effect That the Kyoto Protocol Will Have on the Cost of Wind Power in the Signatory Countries, Global WindPower 2002 Conference, 2-5 April 2002, Paris, France   

  • 26 years of strategic consulting in renewable energy (wind, solar thermal, PV) technology and economics.
  • Strategic consulting in climate change mitigation (cap and trade, carbon tax, RPS, RES, 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, EV, public transportation, 385 ppm).
  • Facilitate investor efforts to finance renewable energy/distributed generation projects with equipment leases, debt and tax equity.
  • Help farmers, ranchers and urban property owners develop their renewable energy projects.
  • Work with clients in the US and internationally.
  • BA University of Illinois at Chicago (1967). Took math through differential equations and one year of both physics and chemistry.
  • MBA Kellogg (Northwestern) Graduate School of Management (1969)
  • Past Illinois CPA Exam (1979)
  • Registered Illinois CPA (1980-1986)
  • 31 published papers
  • Google Scholar reported that Michael's 31 papers have been cited 16 times
  • Help clients buy electricity (55,000 MWh) and natural gas (976.2 mmBTu) in Illinois (ComEd territory specialist) and in other states with competitive retail energy markets. 
  • Download Michael's 06 October 2016 Short Form CV (resume)
  • Environmental Policy Reviews and Recommendations for the Paris Climate Agreement  The Paris Climate Agreement


I was invited to present my peer reviewed paper, The Levelized Cost (US$/MWh;  /MWh) of Storing PV (Wind) Electricity at a Grid-Connected Utility-Scaled (MW) Energy Storage System (ESS), at the Energy Storage Session of the 15th Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers--International Conference on the Environment and Electrical Engineering (IEEE-EEEIC 2015), Rome.  Due to personal circumstances, I was not able to be in Rome to present my paper.  My IEEE-EEEIC 2015 LCOSE paper was not presented in Rome and is now only available to clients. 

Want to learn the technology and economics of energy storage? Schedule an appointment with me;  go to:  At your appointment, I will discuss both my IEEE-EEEIC 2015 LCOSE paper and the competing Lazard LCOSE paper. 

A presto! 


I can also discuss my paper, A Financial Worksheet for Computing the Cost (¢/kWh) of Solar Electricity Generated at Grid Connected Photovoltaic (PV) Generating PlantsJournal of Solar Energy Engineering (JSEE), August, 2002, Vol. 124, Page 319.  This article was one of the top 10 articles downloaded from the JSEE website in the following months:  November, 2006; December, 2007; February, 2008; October, 2008. Go to  Having my levelized cost of energy (LCOE) paper published in the JSEE was a professional achievement for me.

Want to learn the technology and economics of electricity generation? You can set up an appointment to discuss my JSEE paper; go to:  Alternatively, you can buy (US$25) a copy of my LCOE paper from the JSEE publisher. At your appointment, I will discuss both my JSEE LCOE paper and the competing Lazard LCOE paper. 

See you soon!

EWEC2010.bannerdoc.jpg  The 2010 Icelandic Volcano did not stop me!
I presentated my paper, The Effect That a US Signature on a Kyoto-II Climate Change Mitigation Treaty (or an Equivalent US Domestic Change Mitigation Policy) Will Have on the US Wind Industry, at the 2010 European Wind Energy Conference, 20-23 April, Warsaw, Poland.  

Since the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) entered into force (21 March 1994), the parties to the UNFCC have been meeting annually in the Conference of the Parties (COP) to assess the progress in dealing with climate change. Beginning in the mid-1990's, the COP was used to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol. The Protocol was initially adopted on 11 Dec 1997 in Kyoto Japan (Kyoto-I), it entered into force on 16 Feb 2005 and ended (31 December 2012) because it was not extended at COP 17. COP 17 was held 28 Nov-9 Dec 2011 in Durban, South Africa.

Because of the Paris Climate Agreement, I will give the public open access to my 2010 EWEC paper and poster until 22 April 2017, Earth Day 2017.  My poster will look good on your office wall and on the office wall of your US Congressional Representative, your US Senator or your US President.  You can put my poster on your children's bedroom wall and can tell them that this is their future (hopefully, unless you are in the coal business).    

I am also giving open access to my
2008 Latin American Wind Conference presentation, The Use of the Kyoto Protocol and its Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) to Help Finance Wind Plants in Latin American Countries,
and to my 2009 Michigan Wind Energy Conference presentation, A Mandatory US Federal Carbon Emissions Program (Kyoto-II) Will Reduce the Cost Advantage that Michigan Fossil Electricity has over Michigan Wind Electricity.  GO TO:  AND TO:

The 2013 COP 19 was held 11-22 November in Warsaw.  The 2014 COP 20 was held in Lima, Peru. The 2015 COP 21 was held in Paris where the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement was signed. 

My last name, STAVY, is in capital letters on my website because French was the host language for the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement. In French the family name is CAPITALIZED.

I presented my paper, The Increase in Global Solar Power Caused by Extending the Kyoto Protocol Until 2030, at Solar Power International 2013, October 21-24, Chicago, IL USA.  My paper is a counterfactual scenario.  I prepared an updated version of my paper for the 2015 COP 21 in Paris. I compete with many of the major consulting firms. I know Paris and I know the Paris COP 21 Agreement. Consider me to be your Paris COP 21 Agreement advisor.  GO TO:  

banner_1.jpgdihk-public.gif  AHK%20%282%29.jpg 

I was a member of a Fact-Finding Delegation that went to Germany, 17-21 Sept 2012, to study the topic, Innovations in Energy Efficient City Transit. The delegation was sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and by the German/American Chamber of Commerce (AHK).  The trip was very interesting.  Go to
 Increasing the energy efficiency of US City Transit is an important climate change mitigation strategy that will also improve the US Balance of Trade. I took time from my 2013 4th of July holiday to make some videos of new Energy Efficiency in US City Transit. Go to


youtube_google_brand.gif To show a major European Climate Change mitigation technology that could be used in the US, I have put my videos of this technology on my U-Tube Channel @

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The Usual Disclaimers

The photographs of PV, solar thermal, wind and other renewable energy projects shown on this web site are for illustrative purposes only. Except where noted, I have neither consulted nor developed the projects shown.

While I believe that this web site contains correct information, I am not making any warranty, express or implied, not do I assume any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, process or service disclosed. The information contained herein, and/or the products or services described, are subject to change without notice.

I am not responsible for the content of the external internet web sites that I have linked to. 

WARNING!  I have NOT created any web links to any advertisements (even if they have my name in them). Check your web browser to make sure that you do not have any hidden malicious cookies or other malevolent code.  If you have the time, please contact me about it. According to the 2/4/16 Financial Times article, Regulators are failing to block fraudulent adverts, malware robots--"bots" in the advertising jargon--are estimated to sit on 10% of home computers in the US, browsing away in the background while the owners do other things, or sleep. 

27 July 2016


An Older Spanish Wind Plant (MW capacity unknown)  

Photo: Michael Kemma, Quixote's Giants, Study 8, Consuegra Spain, 1996

Source: Michael Kenna, A 30 Year Retrospective, June 23-August 26, 2005, Robert Mann Gallery  


Monet's Zaan River at Zaandam (1871) [capacity factor unknown]

Horizontal axis Dutch wind mills (turbines) which have "sails" (blades) that use the lift principle to convert wind energy into mechanical energy

Source: Illustrated History of Wind Power Development by Darrell M. Dodge, Littleton, CO,  2002
web address:  


750 kW NEG/Micon Turbine, Moorhead MN  

US EIA Photo


Fall 2006 Chicago, Illinois (Bio energy [Btu/lb] unknown)


Fall 2006 at dusk, walking along the Illinois and Michigan Canal (solar energy [KWh/m^2] unknown) 


Former Land of Lincoln Resident and an advocate for a US Signature on the extention of the Kyoto Protocol.

His new film opened on 9 November 2012. Mr. Lincoln was the chief US delegate to COP 19 (11-22 November 2013) in Warsaw, PL. In the Lincoln movie that I just saw, the US signs the Kyoto Protocol, the current Annex I nations, the BRIC nations plus MX, KR and ZA all agree to carbon caps and the Protocol is extended for the second commitment period. You cannot ask for a better ending to a movie, even if you wrote the screenplay yourself.

Mr. Lincoln said that he did not save the Union to see the country destroyed by Global Warming. He hopes that the Paris Climate Agreement does its job to save Plant Earth.

Image Source: Political Science Department Art Collection, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (LAS), University of Illinois at Chicago. Gift of Michael Stavy (LAS Class of 1967)

Image Creator: Jan E Zechman, Zechman & Associates Advertising


images_logo.gif has assembled a group of photos from my website. To view the photo collection, go to the Google site @


  1. My Office Song:
  2. The History of Climate Change Negotiations in 83 Seconds:
  3. The Art Institute of Chicago had the retrospective exhibition, Bertrand Goldberg: Architecture of Invention, 17 September 2011– 15 January 2012. Bertrand Goldberg was the architect of Marina City.  
  4. A photograph of my Marina City Condo with me reading, French in Three Months, was on exhibit at the Art Institute of Chicago:  
  5. For a complete history of Marina City go to
  6.  I was interviewed on an Aimee Keane (NU student) produced news program on the Northwestern Medill News Channel.  My interview (via Skype) is put in this news program right after a speech of President Obama on climate change mitigation.  This program was shown on Chicago Channel 21 at 8:30pm on 21 April 2015.  You can see the rerun.  See President Obama and me right now.  It was fun for me to do some work to try to protect nature while I was in my Georgetown, Colorado mountain cabin  enjoying nature.
  7. FOR EARTH DAY, I put a POGO Earth Day Poster below: I do my yearly visitor accounting on Earth Day. Earth Day is always on 22 April. In 2012, I had 10,982 visitors. On Earth Day 2013, the visitor counter was at 142,527.  In 2013, I had 15,474 visitors.  On Earth Day 2014, the counter was at 155,089. In 2014, I had 12,562 visitors. On Earth Day 2015, the counter was 165,676. In 2015, I had 10,587 visitors. On Earth Day 2016, the counter was 174,476, In 2016, I had 8,800 visitors. In 2017, I expect to have 10,024 visitors. On Earth Day 2017, I look forward to you being my 184,500 web visitor. 
  8. You should know that the real 2015 Earth Day was not on 22 April 2015. It was on 30 November 2015 in Paris at the start of COP 21 and the beginning of the drafting of the Paris Climate Agreement.   
  9. I was quoted in the 04/25/13 New York Times article, Power Grids Iffy, Populous Areas go for Generators:
  10. I made a comment on the MLP Parity Act:

I have enjoyed all your visits! Learn about my background!  Check out my CV.  Read the abstracts for my published papers! http:/ 

If you want to visit with me at my office instead of here on the web, make an appointment by going to Michael STAVY'S Contact Information  I look forward to meeting you in person.   


Page Revised: 27 July 2016

The number of visitors since November 1, 1998. For 26 years (since 1990), I have been providing proficient consulting.

Michael STAVY, Renewable Energy Technologies and Economics

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