Home Page of Hypoism, The Disease of Addictions

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The Overriding Principle

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Hypoism Issues

Role of Dopamine in Addiction Causation

Theory of Addiction - Hypoism Hypothesis

Why drug use is unconscious and against one's willfulness - not volitional

Misuse of the word choice in addictions



What Am I Angry About? - Don't Ask Me This Again

Disease Concept - A Perspective


Page Directory of this Site with Explanations and Links

The History of the Proof of Hypoism in the Wake of the P/R Paradigm page 1.

History page 2

Why Addiction Experts and Other People Are Ignoring Hypoism

Strange Brew


The Paradigm Vacuum in Addictions Today


What Does An Addiction Expert Know?

The Hypoism Addiction Hypothesis - An Evolutionary Psychology Perspective

Addiction Questionnaire

Misconceptions of addictions and addicts

What's Hypoism? What's an Addiction?


Why We Need Hypoism: A Comparison of the Principles and Consequences between the two Paradigms

Entitled to Your Opinion? Not Anymore.

HYPOICMAN: A non-recovering, unimpressed Hypoic

The Field of Addictionology: A Golfing Analogy


Contact Information

Hypoism Treatment Research

The Addiction Treatment Fraud Finally Exposed

Hypoism Treatment Research Proposal



The National Association for the Advancement and Advocacy of Addicts

Make A Contribution To The N4A

Addict Discrimination Documentation

Social Innovations Award 2000 for The N4A

Third Millennium N4A Conference Keynote Address on Hypoism - Pathophysiology in Addictions vs. Superstition

N4A Goes on the Offensive - Suggesting Real Action

The Verdict

Blind Faith?

Learn More About the Book

Letters from book readers

Title Page of Book

Book Blurb

Book Cover

Back Cover

Table of Contents



Opening Statement

Chapter 1

Vision For The Future

Outcomes of Hypoic's Handbook


Book Corrections

Harm reduction prototype: Swiss PROVE program

Book Reviews

The Phoenix Magazine

Hypoics Not-Anonymous

Hypoics Not-Anonymous

Things You Can Do

What you can do---

My Kids

Special Links

Special Links to important web sites

Addiction Links on the Web

Addiction Genetics

Recent Genetic Studies on Various Addictions from a Large Twin Registry

Genetic Studies page 2.

Gateway theory finally disproven

Celera Discovers Millions of Tiny Genetic Differences in People

Interesting Addiction Science

Clinically Important Neurotransmitter Deficiencies

Hypoism Magazine-Articles by and for Hypoics


#1 Hatred, #2 The Words: Opinion, Belief, and Knowledge, #3 Hate Addiction

#4 The Drug War War, #5 Evolution vs. Creationism Revisited for Addictions

#6 American Society for Addiction Medicine Statement for Recovering Physicians

#7 Issues Peculiar to the Disease of Addictions

#8 Critique of Alan Lechner's (NIH), "The Hijacked Brain Hypothesis."

#8a. Update!! Dr. Leshner recently makes a change

#9 MY STORY - The Doctor Drug War - Wrong and Wasteful p.1, 1/6/00

The Doctor Drug War p.2

Doctor Drug War p.3

Doctor Drug War p.4

Doctor Drug War p.5

Affidavit for judicial review of NYS Dept. of Ed.

#10 The Superstition Instinct 3/1/00

#11-Conflict of Interest in Addiction Research

#12 - Controlled Drinking Lands On Its Ass

#13 - The Kennedy Curse or Kennedy Hypoism?

#14 - The Lord's Prayer for Hypoics

#15 - Replacing Alan Leshner is the only way to end the Drug War

#16 - The Brain Addiction Mechanism and the COGA Study

#17 - Letter to the director of the National Academy of Medicine's Board on Neurobiology and Behavior Health on Addictions

#18 - Is Addiction Voluntary, A Choice, as Leshner and NIDA Insist?

#19 - Bush's Alcoholism and Lies

#20 - A P/R Paradigm Addict - "Cured?"

#21 - Congress Misled and Lied to by NIAAA

#22 - Special Letter to the Times on Addiction Genetics

#23 - JAMA Editor Publishes According to His Beliefs, Not Science

#24 - Smoking as Gateway Drug. I Don't Think So!


#25 - One Less Heroin Addict. But At What Cost?

#26 - An Open Letter to the Judge who Sentences Robert Downey, Jr.

#27 - Letter To Schools About The Pride Program Against Drugs

#28 - A Letter To Bill Moyers, Close To Home, and PBS


#30 - Brookhaven Labs Provide More Evidence For Hypoism

#31 - Addiction Prevention Revisited


#33 - NIDA Is Close But No Cigar

#34 - Bush's Addict Discrimination and Hypocricy Begins

#35 - Maya Angelou's, "Still I Rise."

#36 - Leshner Lies To Congress

#37 - Addiction Combos

#38 Brain tumor proves Hypoism hypothesis

#39: So-called Availability Debunked as Contributor of Addictions

#40 - Hypoism Reproduced By A Pill



The Hypoism Blog - The Addiction Blog

The Addiction Blog 4/17/11 -

The Addiction Blog 9/14/10 - 4/16/11

The Addiction Blog 11/12/09 - 9/14/10

The Addiction Blog 7/23/09 - 11/09/09

The Addiction Blog 5/16/09 - 7/22/09

The Addiction Blog 3/3/09 - 5/13/09

The Addiction Blog 8/3/08 - 3/3/09

The Addiction Blog 4/1/07 - 8/3/08

old letters

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 1.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 2.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 3.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 4.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 5.

My New York Times Letters to the Editor page 6.

My Letters to the editor of the NY Times page 7.

My Letters to the Editor of the NY Times page 8.

NY Times Letters Page 9.

New York Times Letters Page 10

My NYT Letters page 11

NY Times Letters page 12.

NY Times letters p. 13

Letters to the NY Times page 14.

Letters to Newsday

Letters To The Los Angeles Times

Creationism/Evolution Letter to BAM 11-25-05


Committee for Physician Health Speech

The Future of Addictions

Addict Discrimination in the News

Mandated Treatment for Welfare Recipients

Anorectic Murdered by Doctors out of Ignorance and "Desperation"(10/20/99)

Six Dead Heroin Addicts-Enough? 10/31/99

American Society of Addiction Medicine Discrimination

Darryl Strawberry Punished Again

South Carolina Forces Pregnant Women to Take Drug Tests

When it comes to drugs, the constitution doesn't apply

Parents of Overweight Girl Will Sue New Mexico



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Hypoics are born, not made.

Dan F. Umanoff, M.D.  
8779 Misty Creek Dr.  
Sarasota, Florida 34241  



The word DISEASE and the phrase DISEASE CONCEPT:

Definitions and A Perspective

Disease - A disease is any perturbation in any physiological system of an organism which changes the function of that system and leads to negative consequences for the organism when compared to a healthy, normal, standard. Implied in this definition is that the cause of this change is outside the control of the organism; it happens to the organism. Thus, when we speak of a disease there is no blame, no recrimination, no guilt, and no stigma. Also, a behavior such as an addiction can't be a disease. It can only be a symptom of a disease. Symptoms are inherently outward manifestations of a disease or disease process located within the body. (read: http://www.nvo.com/hypoism/thirdmilleniumn4aconferencekeynoteaddressonhypoism/ on this web site) Diseases are necessarily anchored in a bodily organ or organs through a pathophysiology such as genetic, traumatic, infectious, immune, malignant, toxic, degenerative, or others affecting parts of the body. Lay people, especially, but frequently physicians as well, confuse the distinction between a disease and a symptom. This distinction has caused harmful confusion in the field of addictionology from the time "alcoholism" was first mislabeled a disease by Bill Wilson and then by Dr. Jellinek.

I want to further discuss the critical principle of the DISEASE CONCEPT of medicine right here. Disease is the first word mentioned in the book and the understanding of the disease concept (as I understand and use it) is so important for perspective into my argument in favor of the disease of Hypoism, or any argument about whether something is a disease or not and the implications of that word. For millennia, humans attributed illness to complicated, mysterious, and superstitious forces of the universe-gods, devils, humors, animals, spirits, etc. Treatments were based on these causes and were equally complicated and ritualized. When science began to understand the realities of the workings of the human body and its interactions with natural external realities such as bacteria, poisons, parasites, and viruses, as well as internal realities such as arteriosclerosis and immune disorders, as causes of disease, as opposed to humors and spirits, the theory of the disease concept of medical disease was born. Scientists who studied human diseases found that each disease was based on a simple pathological principle, ran a predictable course, had predictable complications, and had a reasonably predictable outcome based on physiological (based on the science of the body- biology) intervention. As biology continued to improve its understanding of the body and nature, more and more diseases were removed from the status of superstitious and the supernatural category and placed within the category of the disease concept. Diseases with complicated and tortuous etiologies, courses, and treatments became amenable to simple disease concepts and simple treatments based on scientifically understood principles. If you read a medical textbook from 1900 and compare it to one written in 1999, you will see how many times this has occurred. As new physiologies are understood, previously complicated diseases have become commonplace and simple. The biologically simplest organs are understood easily as are their diseases. The biologically more complicated organs are understood last. The biology of the brain is a quantum leap or two more complicated than any other system in the body. We are still in the dark ages in our understanding of the physiology of the brain, and, consequently, our understanding of physiologically based diseases of the brain is meager. That doesn't mean that the same disease concepts don't hold true for them-they do. Addictive disease, when the physiology is understood, will have the same simple scientific and medical description as pneumococcal pneumonia does today. One disease -- One physiology. This is the context in which I see Hypoism today. One disease (HYPOISM) -- One Physiology (the physiology of limbic diversity). My concept of Hypoism simplifies the morass of complicated and multifactorial causes of addictions and is predictable. Future science will determine this. (In fact, since writing the book from which this discussion is taken, several predictions of the hypothesis have already been substantiated, thus confirming Hypoism.) For these reasons, I find the medical disease concept of Hypoism so appealing and compelling.

Let's discuss, from a societal perspective, the implications of the medical disease concept vs. the psychological concept of disease. In common terms, the medical disease concept says the particular malady from which you are suffering happens to you and thus you are not held personally responsible for having caused it. The accepted treatments are presented to you by the experts in the field, and you are allowed to choose the treatment which suits your own needs, hopefully (but not necessarily) guided by scientific studies comparing the benefits, or lack thereof, for each particular treatment. How you deal with it is up to you, guided by your friends, family, and experts. As an adult, you have the right to choose your treatment, as long as your disease has no proven negative effect on anyone else (society). If your disease is proven or thought to have effects on other people (such as being contagious and deadly), your treatment may well be dictated by society. Even if that is the case, it is your body that is sick, not your self, not your soul, not your spirit, not your person.

The psychological concept of disease says you caused your own disease due to deranged mental processes chosen by yourself willingly, usually as a conscious or unconscious defense to some childhood emotional trauma. In other words, it happens by you. The onus is on you because you could have chosen some other way of dealing with that trauma, but you didn't. In that way, you (your self) are (is) defective. This crucial distinction incriminates mental illness victims at the very core of their being. If society judges the illness detrimental to the society as a whole, it allows for discrimination as well as punishment-usually in the form of incarceration or some form of interdiction by the criminal justice system.

Thus, we have three distinguishing classification characteristics: 1a.) Happens to you (O.K.), 1b.) Happens by you (not O.K.); 2a.) Defective body (O.K.), 2b.) Defective mind (self) (not O.K.); 3a.) Causes harm to society (not O.K.), 3b.) Doesn't cause harm to society (O.K.). The only problem is that mistakes in this societal classification of patients cause actual harm to the victims of these mistakes. This is why it is so drastically important for society, guided by the fields of medicine and science, not to make mistakes in classification. In the past, witches were burned at the stake, epileptics and schizophrenics committed to mental hospitals for life, homosexuals jailed for sodomy. Now, due to better understanding of these conditions, these people can walk the streets free from fear of unreasonable incarceration and discrimination. Only the drug addicts are treated this way today, and it is the function of this book to help rectify this torturous situation.

The essence of the mistaken judgments is the issue of causation and blame by the judging person or people. In other words, did the people do it to themselves or did it happen to them and was it out of their control? Take a well known disease like sickle cell anemia, where a genetic defect in hemoglobin synthesis leads to deformed red blood cells, which clog up capillaries and cause blockage of blood flow to affected areas of the body, pain and dead tissue. Before this disease was understood, victims of the disease were thought to be liars, malingerers and doing the damage to themselves, in other words, hysterical. Now, because we all know about the physiology of this pitiful disease, the victims are no longer judged and stigmatized, although their own bodies are hurting them. We do not judge these people as being self-destructive because we know better. Another disease most of us know about is Lupus, an autoimmune disease where the immune system reacts to one's own tissue and hurts itself. Would we call that self-destructive? Actually, it is the epitome of self-destruction, but because we understand the biology of this problem, we don't judge the victims for their symptoms and problems.

But, when the same sort of disease is in the brain, such as mental illness and addiction, we very readily judge and blame the victims of these diseases for doing it to themselves. Mental diseases that lead to unacceptable behavior are judged severely because they have the appearance of being willed or consciously caused by the person with the abnormal behavior. People who don't have these behaviors can't comprehend how anyone else would do these things unless by their direct will. "Normal" people only act, they believe, via their own conscious will, so, therefore, all people must act via their conscious will. Thus, abnormal behavior must be willed and, therefore, we feel O.K. about placing blame on these weirdos.

That's how we all view addicts. They must be willing their weird behavior-they are self-destructive. This most abused term, self-destructive, along with its inherent judgment and stigmatization, should be used for all diseases and all abnormalities, or none at all. Is the diabetic self-destructive? What about the stroke victim, the Lupus victim, the sickle cell victim, the hypertensive victim, and the cancer victim? Non-diseased people always think that the victims of some diseases are doing it to themselves until it happens to them, then they don't like the stigmatization. "As long as it doesn't happen to me, do whatever you want to them!" We revel in blaming victims as long as it isn't happening to us. When it happens to us, then and only then, do we look for understanding of the cause outside of us. As science advances, less and less of these crazy diseases are blamed on the victims. Drug addiction and other strange behaviors still meet these criteria for judgments, stigmatization, and blame mostly because we don't understand their physiology. This book hopes to change this circumstance for addictive diseases.

Drug addicts, in the absence of interpersonal crime, need to be reclassified to the same medical disease category as diabetics and cancer victims so that they can avoid self-stigmatization and self-discrimination and, therefore, allow themselves to seek help freely and without fear. Wouldn't we all rise up and protest similar handling of leukemics, epileptics, cancer or stroke victims? Of course, nevertheless we all accept and acquiesce to the abominable treatment of drug addicts, including boot camps, abusive therapeutic communities, and long jail sentences. No longer.

You can take the addiction out of the hypoic, but you can't take the Hypoism out of the addict.

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