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Role of Dopamine in Addiction Causation

Theory of Addiction - Hypoism Hypothesis

Why drug use is unconscious and against one's willfulness - not volitional

Misuse of the word choice in addictions



What Am I Angry About? - Don't Ask Me This Again

Disease Concept - A Perspective


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The History of the Proof of Hypoism in the Wake of the P/R Paradigm page 1.

History page 2

Why Addiction Experts and Other People Are Ignoring Hypoism

Strange Brew


The Paradigm Vacuum in Addictions Today


What Does An Addiction Expert Know?

The Hypoism Addiction Hypothesis - An Evolutionary Psychology Perspective

Addiction Questionnaire

Misconceptions of addictions and addicts

What's Hypoism? What's an Addiction?


Why We Need Hypoism: A Comparison of the Principles and Consequences between the two Paradigms

Entitled to Your Opinion? Not Anymore.

HYPOICMAN: A non-recovering, unimpressed Hypoic

The Field of Addictionology: A Golfing Analogy


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The Addiction Treatment Fraud Finally Exposed

Hypoism Treatment Research Proposal



The National Association for the Advancement and Advocacy of Addicts

Make A Contribution To The N4A

Addict Discrimination Documentation

Social Innovations Award 2000 for The N4A

Third Millennium N4A Conference Keynote Address on Hypoism - Pathophysiology in Addictions vs. Superstition

N4A Goes on the Offensive - Suggesting Real Action

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Blind Faith?

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Chapter 1

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Outcomes of Hypoic's Handbook


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Harm reduction prototype: Swiss PROVE program

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Addiction Genetics

Recent Genetic Studies on Various Addictions from a Large Twin Registry

Genetic Studies page 2.

Gateway theory finally disproven

Celera Discovers Millions of Tiny Genetic Differences in People

Interesting Addiction Science

Clinically Important Neurotransmitter Deficiencies

Hypoism Magazine-Articles by and for Hypoics


#1 Hatred, #2 The Words: Opinion, Belief, and Knowledge, #3 Hate Addiction

#4 The Drug War War, #5 Evolution vs. Creationism Revisited for Addictions

#6 American Society for Addiction Medicine Statement for Recovering Physicians

#7 Issues Peculiar to the Disease of Addictions

#8 Critique of Alan Lechner's (NIH), "The Hijacked Brain Hypothesis."

#8a. Update!! Dr. Leshner recently makes a change

#9 MY STORY - The Doctor Drug War - Wrong and Wasteful p.1, 1/6/00

The Doctor Drug War p.2

Doctor Drug War p.3

Doctor Drug War p.4

Doctor Drug War p.5

Affidavit for judicial review of NYS Dept. of Ed.

#10 The Superstition Instinct 3/1/00

#11-Conflict of Interest in Addiction Research

#12 - Controlled Drinking Lands On Its Ass

#13 - The Kennedy Curse or Kennedy Hypoism?

#14 - The Lord's Prayer for Hypoics

#15 - Replacing Alan Leshner is the only way to end the Drug War

#16 - The Brain Addiction Mechanism and the COGA Study

#17 - Letter to the director of the National Academy of Medicine's Board on Neurobiology and Behavior Health on Addictions

#18 - Is Addiction Voluntary, A Choice, as Leshner and NIDA Insist?

#19 - Bush's Alcoholism and Lies

#20 - A P/R Paradigm Addict - "Cured?"

#21 - Congress Misled and Lied to by NIAAA

#22 - Special Letter to the Times on Addiction Genetics

#23 - JAMA Editor Publishes According to His Beliefs, Not Science

#24 - Smoking as Gateway Drug. I Don't Think So!


#25 - One Less Heroin Addict. But At What Cost?

#26 - An Open Letter to the Judge who Sentences Robert Downey, Jr.

#27 - Letter To Schools About The Pride Program Against Drugs

#28 - A Letter To Bill Moyers, Close To Home, and PBS


#30 - Brookhaven Labs Provide More Evidence For Hypoism

#31 - Addiction Prevention Revisited


#33 - NIDA Is Close But No Cigar

#34 - Bush's Addict Discrimination and Hypocricy Begins

#35 - Maya Angelou's, "Still I Rise."

#36 - Leshner Lies To Congress

#37 - Addiction Combos

#38 Brain tumor proves Hypoism hypothesis

#39: So-called Availability Debunked as Contributor of Addictions

#40 - Hypoism Reproduced By A Pill



The Hypoism Blog - The Addiction Blog

The Addiction Blog 4/17/11 -

The Addiction Blog 9/14/10 - 4/16/11

The Addiction Blog 11/12/09 - 9/14/10

The Addiction Blog 7/23/09 - 11/09/09

The Addiction Blog 5/16/09 - 7/22/09

The Addiction Blog 3/3/09 - 5/13/09

The Addiction Blog 8/3/08 - 3/3/09

The Addiction Blog 4/1/07 - 8/3/08

old letters

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 1.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 2.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 3.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 4.

My NY Times Letters to the Editor page 5.

My New York Times Letters to the Editor page 6.

My Letters to the editor of the NY Times page 7.

My Letters to the Editor of the NY Times page 8.

NY Times Letters Page 9.

New York Times Letters Page 10

My NYT Letters page 11

NY Times Letters page 12.

NY Times letters p. 13

Letters to the NY Times page 14.

Letters to Newsday

Letters To The Los Angeles Times

Creationism/Evolution Letter to BAM 11-25-05


Committee for Physician Health Speech

The Future of Addictions

Addict Discrimination in the News

Mandated Treatment for Welfare Recipients

Anorectic Murdered by Doctors out of Ignorance and "Desperation"(10/20/99)

Six Dead Heroin Addicts-Enough? 10/31/99

American Society of Addiction Medicine Discrimination

Darryl Strawberry Punished Again

South Carolina Forces Pregnant Women to Take Drug Tests

When it comes to drugs, the constitution doesn't apply

Parents of Overweight Girl Will Sue New Mexico



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Hypoics are born, not made.

Dan F. Umanoff, M.D.  
8779 Misty Creek Dr.  
Sarasota, Florida 34241  


Articles by and for Hypoics, page 2 (#4-#5)

Number 4. (9/29/99) THE DRUG WAR WAR: Policy War or Policy Success? Your Choice!
Number 5. (10/8/99) Evolution vs. Creationism Revisited For Addictions.

Number 4. (9/29/99)

The WAR between those for and against the drug war can't be resolved under the current concept of human drug use and addictions. This bogus paradigm, supported by academic and governmental addictionologists, has generated a fearful and hysterical populous that acts and votes accordingly. Until we replace their invalid paradigm with a valid and rational neurobiological one, no policy reform will occur. And, when we do policy reform, it will be based on this rational and valid new paradigm. Thus, the policy will make sense according to the equation of all known medical entities: pathophysiology leads to etiology leads to rational treatment and policy. This equation doesn't exist today because the pathophysiology hasn't been delineated. The left side of the equation is void. The Hypoism paradigm fills this void and will allow, when accepted, accurate and rational policies, including the demise of the drug war.

Humans are instinctive organisms. Instincts are inherently irrational, powerful, and emotional. The only defense to the blind, excessive, and damaging use of instincts is clear anti-instinctive knowledge and the commitment to abide by it. Even then there is no guarantee of success because human instinctive beliefs, such as creationism and others, can overcome knowledge on most days. That's the way humans are built. The emotional rationalization of instinctive beliefs in attempts to make them appear "right" is the problem we are facing with drugs, addictions, and other feared diverse human behaviors. This rationalization polarizes people based on their beliefs and leads to increased conflict, not resolution of conflict. Only knowledge and a commitment to use it dispassionately can lead to resolution of emotion-based instinctive and polarizing conflicts.

  • Use of drugs (neurophysiological) is instinctive. Prohibition (fear) is instinctive.
  • Use of guns (self-protection) is instinctive. Prohibition (fear) is instinctive.
  • Birth control (self-preservation) is instinctive. Anti-birth control is instinctive (superstition instinct).
  • Abortion (reproductive timing) is instinctive. Anti-abortion (superstition) is instinctive.
  • Homosexuality (neurophysiological) is instinctive. Homophobia is instinctive (xenophobia instinct).
  • Racism is instinctive (xenophobia). Anti-racism is instinctive (self-preservation).
  • Prohibition is instinctive (fear, pride, and self-righteousness). Anti-prohibition is instinctive (pride).
  • Addiction is instinctive (Hypoism). Addictophobia is instinctive (xenophobia).

Valid science and medicine based on the scientific method are the only tools to knowledge of the universe, life on earth, and human nature. Knowledge and the anti-instinctive use of knowledge always leads to policies that are fair, healthy, and wise even when they don't feel good which they never do. Instinctive beliefs, no matter how well rationalized and justified, always lead to policies that are unfair, unhealthy, and unwise even when they feel good which they always do. That is the nature of instincts - they feel good. Otherwise we would never use them.

Thus: The right policy for the wrong and rationalized instinctive reason is just as damaging as the wrong policy for the wrong and rationalized instinctive reason. It is not the policy that is the issue but the reason, the knowledge, behind the policy. My stance is that when we get the knowledge correct we get the correct policy, at least eventually. That is the history of modern medicine and will, hopefully, be the history of the human species. Only valid knowledge can possibly lead to anti-instinctive policy that resolves conflict. Absent this knowledge there will always be polarization and conflict, no matter what the issue or policy.

Resolution of instinctive conflicts must be anti- or counter-instinctive. Resolution of instinctive conflicts always needs to be based on a valid, non-emotional, non-instinctive premise.

The 10 Commandments is an attempt to be anti-instinctive but fails. The United States Constitution is an attempt to be anti-instinctive but fails. The United Nations is an attempt to be anti-instinctive but also fails. The Supreme Court is an attempt to be anti-instinctive. Why do these attempts fail? Because they have been instituted in an atmosphere based on the wrong basis of human nature: how humans work and why. They, therefore, get misapplied and misused.

The current polarizing debate between drug prohibitionists and anti-prohibitionists is instinctively based and therefore will not lead to healthy policy no matter what that policy is. My stance is that our emphasis needs to be on the premise behind drug use and drug addiction and policies derived therefrom. Policy decisions absent the correct drug use premise puts the cart before the horse and must fail. Polarization based on instinctive and ignorant fear on the one hand and instinctive and ignorant desire on the other will only perpetuate the ongoing war between the two poles.

The current premise behind drug use and addictions to these drugs is based on belief and is thus superstitious, for both sides of the policy debate. It is not based on the scientific method, is not based on valid knowledge, and is of no benefit to us in attempting to resolve the problems associated with drug use and people's fears about drugs based on those superstitious beliefs. The current incorrect premise of drug use and addiction actually perpetuates the conflict. Drugs and drug addicts have been demonized based on fears that are themselves based on mythological propaganda and incorrect knowledge about them and about human nature. That propaganda is intended to produce these fears, and has worked. These irrational fears are what we are confronting. The fears can not be confronted effectively in the absence of the correct paradigm of drug use, drug addiction, and human nature. Until the true nature of drugs and addictions is clarified with valid knowledge there can be no effective policy, only policy wars. If we want to continue this policy war, then we will ignore the need for a valid premise behind drug use and drug addiction. If we truly want to establish a fair, healthy, and effective drug policy, then we must support the search for the valid scientific basis of drug use, addiction, and human nature as it concerns human behavior. Only this can replace fear with wisdom. Our personal beliefs about what is right or not will not accomplish the goals for which I think we are searching.

The Hypoism paradigm of drug use and addiction is a scientifically valid hypothesis (has been proven in my web paper called the Hypoism Hypothesis) and is the reality behind drug use behavior as opposed to the current psychological/religious (P/R) paradigm, the hijacked brain hypothesis (HBH). The Hypoism paradigm takes into account many human nature concepts that the HBH, by it's incorrect view of addiction science and human nature, can never take into account:

  • The significance of the power of an unconscious part of the brain where instincts and instinct derived neurotransmitter substitute drugs work.
  • The nature, organization, and function of the Feel OK System (what some people call the reward system) in the decision-making process.
  • The nature of the decision-making process.
  • The nature of human nature and how the mind works.
The misconception of human nature propounded by the P/R paradigm produces and perpetuates the current mess we are experiencing in drug use, addictions, and policy. The P/R paradigm of human nature and drug use is based on how past and present psychologists and psychiatrists believe and want the human being to work rather than on how the human actually works. The P/R paradigm, based on ignorance, produces ignorance, fear, hate, and the drug war. The Hypoism paradigm which is based on how the human mind actually works produces knowledge and relieves fear and hate, and will end the drug war. The Hypoism paradigm doesn't get rid of addictions which is impossible, but puts drug use and addictions into a realistic context where real prevention (early, pre-addiction recovery), later (post-addiction) recovery, and policy make sense, are useful, and will put an end to the mass destruction of millions of people as well as to the myriad of social problems associated with drug use and addiction.

Moreover, when I use the word addiction I am not limiting it to just drug addictions, but to all addictions. The Hypoism paradigm deals with all addictions, not just drugs. The Hypoism paradigm is a concept that unifies many misperceived human behaviors, so much more than mere drugs, into a single and global paradigm.

Hypoism is the anti-instinctive knowledge we need to resolve the current mess surrounding drug use and addictions. The Hypoism paradigm is the only paradigm existing today that can and will lead to the wise, healthy, and useful drug policies we all know we need. Hypoism can and will end the drug war.

In the absense of a rational and realistic drug use and addiction paradigm, I'm afraid there will be no meaningful policy change.

It's our choice whether we continue our policy war based on superstitious beliefs or resolve it with valid knowledge, The Hypoism Paradigm.

Table Showing Derived Policies from P/R and Hypoism Paradigms.
Why THE DRUG WAR is an inexorable result of the fallacious P/R Paradigm.
P/R Paradigm
Derived Policy
Hypoism Paradigm
Derived Policy
Pseudoscience, ideology, and superstition.
Funding of studies supporting P/R paradigm.
Valid science
Underfunding of studies opposed to P/R paradigm.
Significant elements in definition of addiction.
Voluntary initiation.

Loss of control.
Addict is seen as fiend and should be subject to fear, rejection, and punishment.
Never had control. Addictions always occur against one's will.
Addict is victim of disease.

Decriminalization of non-interpersonal drug behavior.
Who gets addicted?

Multiple unsubstantiated causative factors misplaces focus.
All people are at risk. Rid the world of drugs. Control access to drugs. Widespread irrational fear.
Only hypoics are capable of being true addicts.
Only hypoics get addicted. Emphasis placed on early, pre-addiction recovery. Supervised supply of drugs to addicts as well as other harm reduction methods.
Is there a disease involved?

Caused by addict.

Caused by drug.
Seen as willful misconduct.

Demonizes addicts.

Demonizes drugs.
Yes. Caused by Hypoism, not by the addictors or "environment."
Recognition of disease. Focus on early self-diagnosis and recovery for hypoics.
Associated psychopathology
Addict is crazy, antisocial, inherently dangerous, and needs to be changed and punished.
No assumption of concurrent mental illness or danger. If present, is individualized and dealt with as in any other person.
Conscious choice
Willful misbehavior. Need for punishment.
Punishment is recognized as cruel.
Conscious control
"Just say no." Education efforts used for prevention.
Control not imposed on addict. Approached like any other disease.
Utility of prevention

Bogus studies showing prevention programs work.
Prevention efforts demonize addicts.

Stop prevention efforts that demonize addicts and addictions and replace them with realistic education about Hypoism and how the human mind works. Drug War irrelevant.
Utility of education to prevent addiction
Maximal education and advertisements demonize drugs and addicts.
Education used for early diagnosis and early entrance into recovery.
Addicts are immoral and dangerous
Need for punishment, isolation of addict, and religious repentance.
Approach addiction as person with a disease.

Remorse removed.
Stigmatization of addicts
Societal ostracism of addicts. Keeps addict in the closet.
Acceptance of addict. No need for punishment. Lets addict out of the closet.
Yes. Bogus studies supporting various treatment regimes.
Mandated treatment and pharmacotherapy. Addict is used as a commodity.
Emphasis on recovery dictated by the pathophysiology of Hypoism.
Change addict
Nonacceptance of addict and addiction.
Acceptance of addict and addiction.
Net Result
Pseudoexpertise, fearful populous.
P.I.M.M.P.A.L.* Complex Expands.
Realistic perception of drugs and addicts.
P.I.M.M.P.A.L.* Complex Dissolves. Hypoics retake control over Hypoism issues.
*P.I.M.M.P.A.L. Complex (see http://www.nvo.com/hypoism/pimmpalcomplex/) - The Political-Industrial-Medical-Military-Psychological-Academic-Legal organization which has evolved in our country to deal with addictions. It is a symbiotic organization including the drug cartels that feeds off addicts and addictions.This system is based on the misconceptions of the P/R paradigm and instead of solving the problems of addiction, it magnifies them while enlarging itself. back

Number 5. (10/8/99) Evolution vs. Creationism Revisited For Addictions.

ABC News on-line presented an article on the evolution/creationism debate within various school systems across our country. In the article, it presented the figures below derived from Gallop polls. These figures depict the crisis in American anti-intellectualism and entrenched superstition that I discuss in Hypoic's Handbook, Introduction chapter. Only 10% of those polled actually believe in the form of evolution on which Hypoism is based. These data confirm the point I make in that chapter and they demonstrate the depth of societal denial, and why, once a superstition is firmly entrenched, no amount of objective science can dislodge it. This is the power of the human superstition instinct. Beliefs surrounding addiction origins, causes, and policies likewise conform to the above belief mechanisms. The amount of emotional energy invested in these superstitious beliefs is incredibly large. This is corticolimbic dissociation on a massive scale as I present in the book. The strength of the P/R paradigm's addictionology "religion" is derived from the same source. This brand of American superstition helps perpetuate the P/R paradigm of addictions. Irrational and damaging addiction treatment and public policies are the direct result of this same human belief. (see article 4. in Articles by and for Hypoics page 1.)

This discussion is not an indictment of religion or superstition per se. It is a statement, rather, concerning how superstitious beliefs can interfere with the perception of reality, the reality of addiction in this case, and how this perception results in injury to people, addicts in this case. It must be confronted to bring it into the consciousness of the people who are acting upon it, possibly without realizing it. Let it be clear so that readers won't misinterpret my discourse: I am not for or against superstition or religion. Science is derived from the same superstition instinct, just as is art or any other form of creative imagination.
The problem is when other forms of imagination are misused as if they were science; when superstition is misrepresented as science.
Let me define science: Science is what scientists do using the scientific method. The scientific method has very strict rules for determining scientific validity. No other form of imagination demands these rules, nor should they. They aren't meant for public consumption, just individual consumption. Individuals are free to believe whatever they desire, but the scientific method ensures these individual beliefs don't get imposed upon others. These rules were devised for validity and verifiability to ensure public safety. Presently, unscientific and unverifiable superstitious addiction beliefs are being imposed on other people against their will and to their detriment. This is exactly what the scientific method is meant to prevent. Religion and art, by their nature, do not conform to these rules.

If practically 100% of ordinary (and superstitious) people agree with these scientific criteria when it comes to medicinal drugs, treatments, and procedures (Food and Drug Administration) then they ought to insist on the same criteria for addiction medicine. The fact is that our country's entire medical practice is based on the scientific method, except when mistakes are made. Then, the mistakes are corrected rapidly as long as the mistaken scientists have integrity. The other exception is in the field of addictions and addiction policy that are based on scientifically unproved and, in many circumstances, already disproved concepts and treatments. This is my complaint about the misuse of superstition. The current situation is this: When it comes to addiction theory, treatment, and policy, superstition is being misused and misrepresented as if it were science. It certainly would be nice if addictionologists would publicly admit this. This admission would go a long way towards our respecting this academic and medical field. Their honesty would refreshingly cool off the intense emotionalism and polarization surrounding addictions amongst the general populous, one of my primary goals. This would allow temperance and wisdom to seep into drug-use and addiction policy. back

You can take the addiction out of the hypoic, but you can't take the Hypoism out of the addict.

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